Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is defined as areas of darker skin that appear after an episode of acne has healed.
These areas of skin are commonly shades of red, brown or black.
The condition referred to as hyperpigmentation is a by-product of inflamed skin caused by an episode of acne.
Discoloration of the skin is caused by the body producing too much of a protein called “Melanin”.
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation Creams And Treatments.
Before considering any course of treatment, any under lying acne problems need to be properly treated, with a low percentage of recurrence, for the best chance of success.
• Hydroquinone Cream
One of the best known and widely available treatments for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, is hydroquinone cream. Hydroquinone stops the production of melanin, so lightening the skin. Hydroquinone creams are often mixed with other ingredients that aid in the lightening of skin, along with a percentage of vitamin C. Hydroquinone is readily available as an off the shelf treatment, or in larger percentages as a prescription from your doctor.
• Azelaic Acid
Azelaic acid is a prescription only treatment for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It is also used in the treatment of acne. It works by decreasing skin inflammation and repairing the skin at a cellular level. Remember that this treatment is only available on recommendation from your doctor.
• Glycolic Acid
There are a wide range of skincare products available that contain a substance called glycolic acid. It is commonly used as an exfoliant, and can also reduce the appearance of dark spots on the skin. It can be purchased in cream and gel form, or as a cleanser. Using glycolic acid for hyperpigmentation is often a slow process taking many months to see results.
Retinoid creams are a popular choice for sufferers of acne. Tazorac and Differin are two brand names of topical creams available over the counter. Retinoids are very effective at clearing acne problems and can be used to fade dark spots on the skin, but results for fading darker patches of skin may take several months.
• Microdermabrasion And Laser Treatments
Professional treatments for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation are also available. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion are among the options out there. Laser treatment is becoming an increasingly popular technique. All of these techniques involve removing the surface layers of the skin. Although effective at treating post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, all of these treatments can be quite costly, depending on the course of treatment needed.
Always remember that everyone’s skin is unique, and different treatments will respond to different individuals. It’s just a case of finding out what works best for you.